SOLUTION: PPD 555 Purdue University Effective Governance of Russia Reading Essay

PPD 555 Class Reading Synopsis for Policy Maker
Article Title
In 25 words or less,
what was the article
about
Article Conclusions
Article Audience
Provide 1 to 3 insights
the article provided
1.
2.
3.
Insight(s) from the
article that might
apply to the policy
issue you are
researching
Source: Epstein & Fa
ass http://ww
ww.rtmteam.n
net/page.php
p?section=wo
orks_in_prog
gress&pageID
D=12
Russsian Efffectiv
ve Com
mmunity Govvernannce Pillot
Exteended
In 2006, the
t Charles Stewart
S
Mott Foundation supported th
he Siberian C
Civic Initiative
es Support C
Center
(SCISC) and Epstein & Fass Asso
ociates to parrtner in a two
o-year experiimental pilot program usin
ng
nity Governance (ECG) Model
M
as the basis for govvernance imp
provements in
the Effecttive Commun
Siberian communities
c
s. As the prog
gram was quickly oversub
bscribed by interested co
ommunities,
SCISC us
sed funding from
f
the Unitted States Ag
gency for Inte
ernational De
evelopment tto leverage itts
Mott gran
nt and enable
e six pilot com
mmunities to participate, instead of the initially-pla
anned three. T
The
two-year experience, summarized here, produced encoura
aging results in communitties, leading tthe
Mott Foun
ndation to fund the pilot program
p
for tw
wo more yea
ars. Phase II of the ECG pilot, planned
d to
run into early
e
2010, will
w enable the
e Siberian Ce
enter and com
mmunity asssistance expe
erts from SCIISC’s
network of
o affiliated NGOs
N
across Siberia, with
h support from
m Epstein & Fass, to exte
end ECG to sstill
more Siberian commu
unities.
uestions Addressed by the Initial ECG Pilot Pro
ogram in Sib
beria
Major Qu
The Siberian Center set
s out to help six pilot co
ommunities a nswer the fo
ollowing quesstions:

How
H
can we overcome
o
apathy and eng
gage citizenss more effecttively in comm
munity

go
overnance?
How
H
can we measure
m
whe
ether our gov
vernment serrvices are adequately add
dressing the

ne
eeds of the community
c
and citizens’ priority
p
qualityy-of-life conccerns?
How
H
can we fe
eed back eva
aluation inforrmation to co
ontinually imp
prove how we
e govern?
Highlightts of Community Resultts after Two
o Years of Ex
xperimentin
ng with ECG
Each com
mmunity resp
ponded with different
d
solutions based on their own local realitie
es. Four
ons. Here arre some high
communities impleme
ented succes
ssful governa
ance innovatio
hlights:
ƒ
n a rural community, the glava
g
(mayorr) established
d “Initiative C
Councils” in th
he township’ss two
In
is
solated settle
ements to give these resid
dents a voice
e in policy ma
aking. Also, b
both the town
nship
and county go
overnments initiated seve
eral other new
w ways of en
ngaging citize
ens in govern
nance
and improvem
ment, resulting in multi-yea
ar funding off programs and policies ccitizens helpe
ed
ƒ
esign, among
g other changes, as desc
cribed in a m ini-case stud
dy of Krivosheino.
de
In
n urban Mejdurechinsk, th
he deputy chair of the cityy duma (coun
ncil) commisssioned the firrstev
ver survey off citizen satis
sfaction with housing servvices and, ba
ased on resid
dent feedbacck,
la
aunched seve
eral initiatives
s, including a public educcation campa
aign to inform
m residents o
of
ƒ
th
heir housing rights and re
esponsibilities
s.
In
n the village of
o Maima, the
e chair of the
e duma cham
mpioned a tea
am that surve
eyed both yo
outh
and adults and
d found wide
espread agreement acrosss age groups on priority youth issuess.
They then eng
gaged youth groups to de
evelop policie
es and plans which the yo
outh presente
ed to
th
he village adm
ministration. As a result, new
n
outdoor recreation fa
acilities were
e built and the
e
viillage made a sizable incrrease in the following
f
yea
ar’s youth budget.
ƒ
Angarsk,
A
the largest city in
n the ECG pillot, launched
d an ambitiou
us new initiative to addresss
co
omprehensiv
ve housing an
nd neighborh
hood mainten
nance and se
ervice needss of all residents.
The city goverrnment creatted the Cente
er for Develo
opment of Loccal Self-Gove
ernance, which
employs a tea
am of organiz
zers to identiffy problems iin assigned n
neighborhoods and organ
nize
re
esidents to ad
ddress them. This was th
he first examp
ple of a locall governmentt hiring and
trraining comm
munity organiz
zers for non–political purp
poses in Sibe
eria. The Cen
nter’s organizzers
su
urveyed overr 60,000 residents and en
ngaged citize
ens in numerrous neighbo
orhood proble
emso
olving meetin
ngs, leading to numerous
s localized so
olutions. Som
me of the earlly results include
re
esurfaced roa
ads, refurbish
hed parks, ne
ew senior reccreation centters, police p
patrols reassigned
to
o where they are most ne
eeded, and a shift of respo
onsibility for one park from the countyy to
th
he city govern
nment for mo
ore responsiv
ve maintenan
nce — all drivven by citize
en priorities.
Initial EC
CG Pilot Beg
gan as Russian Communities Were Facing New
w Governanc
ce Mandates
s
The initial pilot progra
am used an experimental
e
g the contentt of
design, with Epstein & Fass adjusting
ning seminarrs attended by
b all pilot com
mmunity team
ms in the Sib
berian hub city of Novosib
birsk
ECG train
as the ne
eeds and cap
pabilities of th
he teams bec
came appare
ent. SCISC ad
djusted on-site support and
training provided
p
to pilot communities by its sta
aff and by co
ommunity asssistance expe
erts from NG
GOs
based in the Siberian regions whe
ere the pilot communities
c
were located
d. The experimental desig
gn
he program address practtical concerns
s of local govvernments, N
NGOs, and citizens. One of
helped th
those con
ncerns was how
h
to implem
ment a new law on local g
governance.
The enac
ctment of Fed
deral Law 131-FZ, “On General Princiiples of Loca
al Self-Govern
nment
Organization” in late 2005,
2
greatly
y increased both
b
the auton
nomy and re
esponsibility o
of local
governme
ents in addre
essing their communities’
c
issues. The law mandate
es “an indepe
endent and
responsib
ble solution of
o local issues
s by the population directtly and (or) th
hrough bodie
es of local se
elfgovernme
ents based on
o the interes
sts of the peo
ople and with
h regard to hiistoric or othe
er local
traditions.” While the law
l
created the
t potential for more acccountable an
nd engaging g
government, it did
not provid
de clear guidance on how
w local governments shou
uld comply w
with the new m
mandate to
involve ciitizens directly in governa
ance process
ses. As the va
ariety of resu
ults summarizzed above
demonstrrate, Siberian
n pilot communities used their ECG tra
aining and assistance to find their ow
wn
creative ways
w
to meett their citizen
n engagemen
nt mandate.
Phase II Plans: Replicating Phas
se I Innovations and Ta
aking ECG P
Practices Further
n the strong results
r
of the first two yea
ars of commu
unity experim
mentation with
h ECG, the M
Mott
Based on
Foundatio
on invited SC
CISC to exten
nd the progra
am for anothe
er two years, with continu
uing support from
Epstein & Fass. Phas
se II of the EC
CG pilot emp
phasizes repl icating, in other Siberian communitiess, the
governan
nce innovations developed
d by the thre
ee pilot comm
munities show
wing the mosst progress in
n
Phase I. During Phase I, SCISC affiliate
a
netwo
ork experts id
dentified seve
eral Siberian communitiess as
ndidates for fu
uture ECG im
mplementatio
on, so potent ial replication
n sites have already been
n
good can
identified. Other organ
nizations thro
oughout Russia have also
o expressed interest in ECG as a resu
ult of
P
I even
nt, a conferen
nce in Novosibirsk in Janu
uary 2008 that highlighted
d the
the final Phase
and
achievem
ments of the pilot
p
commun
nities and fea
atured maste r classes by SCISC netw
work experts a
the Epste
ein & Fass team.
Besides replication
r
off Phase I inno
ovations, SC
CISC and Epsstein & Fass hope to help
p some
communities take ECG practices further,
f
includ
ding develop
ping strongerr community measuremen
nt
es and makin
ng their comm
munity impro
ovement efforrts more stra
ategic. In the Russian
capabilitie
community development environm
ment, local go
overnment offficials feel prressure to sh
how results
w
leads to
o many “events” and “pro
ojects” ratherr than long-te
erm programs or a
quickly, which
coordinatted series of actions desig
gned to yield
d strategic ou
utcomes. The
e Phase I EC
CG experiencce,
though en
ncouraging, reflected
r
this
s short-term bias.
b
A maste
er class in strategic thinking at the
January 2008
2
confere
ence, led by Epstein
E
& Fa
ass, was veryy well receive
ed, encourag
ging SCISC a
and
Epstein & Fass to plan a longer ve
ersion of this training for P
Phase II. The
e new training will draw o
on
Epstein & Fass’s Com
mmunity Bala
anced Scorec
card methodo
ology to position SCISC sstaff and netw
work
experts to
o assist comm
munities in developing hig
ghly-focused
d, longer-term
m strategies tthat align pro
ojects
and initiattives to achie
eve quality-of-life outcomes.
Optimism
m is Temperred with Rea
alism as the ECG Experriment in Russia Continues
Phase I ECG
E
results were
w
promising, but realis
stically, comm
munity goverrnance reform
ms in Russia
a are
highly dependent on the
t commitm
ment and quallity of local le
eadership. In Russia, ECG
G has yet to be
e test of surviving a chang
ge of local ad
dministration.. That will ha
appen in Phase II: In Anga
arsk,
put to the
the glava, a strong supporter of the city’s ECG efforts, was voted out offfice at the en
nd of 2007,
he future of th
he Center forr Developme
ent of Local S
Self-Governa
ance and posssible new EC
CG
leaving th
innovations unclear. On
O the other hand, in Kriv
vosheino, Gla
ava Nikolai L
Lepukhin cred
dits participation
CG pilot with building
b
the trust
t
with citiz
zens that seccured his ree
election, desp
pite a volatile
e
in the EC
electoral climate fuele
ed by a privatte maintenan
nce companyy’s financial ccrisis that nea
arly led to the
e
eating supply
y being cut offf. For these reasons,
r
Pha
ase II is startting with a grreat deal of
town’s he
anticipatio
on and optim
mism, but also
o a dose of re
ealism and u
uncertainty. S
SCISC and E
Epstein & Fasss
are keenlly aware of th
he need to re
emain flexible
e and respon
nsive to those
e on the frontlines of
developm
ment: the com
mmunities the
emselves.

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