SOLUTION: The Electoral System in Uganda Political Science Research Paper

Attached. Please let me know if you have any questions or need revisions.

The Electoral System in Uganda

Student Name:
Course:
Date:

Surname

2

Introduction
The National Resistance Movement under President Museveni led to the struggle for
democracy and the end of tyranny in Uganda around 1986. This created an essential
landmark in the history of election and democratic governance. Consequently, elections were
initiated where every citizen was empowered with the right to vote for responsible and
exemplary leadership in their country.1 In a nutshell, elections refer to the process where
people sporadically elect or choose their local and national leaders to manage public affairs
on their behalf. It also relates to the criteria where electors are given the choice or mandate to
appoint which persons are elected.
The Kind of Election Management Body in Uganda
After a cycle of five years, the Uganda Electoral Commission is mandated by the
constitution under Article 60 to conduct elections. This body was legally formed in
November 1997. It comprised the Chairperson, Deputy Chairperson, and other five
commissioners appointed for seven years.2 All the seven members of the commission are set
by the president and later approved by the parliament. The parliament has the right to either
reject or approve the nominees.
Rules of Elections
Indeed, some rules govern the conduct of elections in Uganda. Firstly, the constitution
states that elections should be held under the secret ballot where every citizen has the right to
vote.3 Every Ugandan citizen above the age of eighteen is eligible or has a right to vote.
Secondly, the elections should be held in a free and fair manner. The electoral commission is

1

Makara and Sabiti. “Turnaround: The national resistance movement and the reintroduction
of a multiparty system in Uganda.” no. 2 (2009): 185-204.

2
3

Makara, Sabiti, 187.
Makara, Sabiti, 189.

Surname

3

mandated with the responsibility of demarcating constituencies before the polls. Moreover, it
has to maintain, compile, update and revise the voter’s register. Besides, the commission must
formulate and implement public sensitization programs that relate to elections. Finally, due to
the election’s fraud and other election malpractice, the parliament passed the use electronic
kits instead of manual processes.4 It also extended the presidential rule where the commander
in chief can rule with 70 years and above.
Whether People or Politicians follow the Rules and Government Sustaining the
Legitimacy of the Elections
All citizens, including the politicians, need to abide by the electoral rules. The
Ugandan constitution stipulates that severe consequences should be subjected to the citizens
who do not abide by the electoral rules. Moreover, the constitution also requires all Uganda
citizens to avoid vote buying or bribery, which is against the rules.5 However, this is not the
case in Uganda. Some public and political leaders aligned with the ruling party or the
government violate the laws. Moreover, past elections were associated with impunity from
the public, and government officials became a barrier to fair and free elections.
The constitution mandates the Ugandan government to ensure that a legitimate, free
and fair election is conducted. Moreover, all the resources or funds required for running an
election should be provided by the government. The government is also needed to ensure
there is enough security during and after elections. Furthermore, the state or government
should create public awareness to ensure citizens vote and respect the people’s will or choice.
Finally, the government has to facilitate the smooth transfer of power from one
administration to the other.

4

Bogaards and Matthijs. “Electoral choices for divided societies: Multi-ethnic parties and
constituency pooling in Africa.” no. 3 (2003): 59-80.

5

Bogaards, Matthijs, 68.

Surname
Conclusion
A meaningful and credible election promotes democratic governance and facilitates
the stability of the political system. Moreover, the electoral rules are used as a guideline or
administration of elections.6 The electoral system’s primary purpose is to determine the
pattern and the way votes are matched with the allocation of seats in parliament.

6

Muriaas and Ragnhild. “Reintroducing a Local‐Level Multiparty System in Uganda: Why
Be in Opposition?” no. 1 (2009): 91-112.

4

Surname

5

Bibliography
Makara, Sabiti, Lise Rakner, and Lars Svåsand. “Turnaround: The national resistance
movement and the reintroduction of a multiparty system in Uganda.” International
Political Science Review 30, no. 2 (2009): 185-204.
Bogaards, Matthijs. “Electoral choices for divided societies: Multi-ethnic parties and
constituency pooling in Africa.” Commonwealth & Comparative Politics 41, no. 3
(2003): 59-80.
Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. “Reintroducing a Local‐Level Multiparty System in Uganda: Why
Be in Opposition?” Government and Opposition 44, no. 1 (2009): 91-112.

The Electoral System in Uganda
I.
II.

Introduction
The Kind of Election Management Body in Uganda

III.

Rules of Elections

IV.

Whether People or Politicians follow the Rules and Government Sustaining the
Legitimacy of the Elections

V.

Conclusion

Attached. Please let me know if you have any questions or need revisions.

The Electoral System in Uganda

Student Name:
Course:
Date:

Surname

2

Introduction
The National Resistance Movement under President Museveni led to the struggle for
democracy and the end of tyranny in Uganda around 1986.1 This created an essential
landmark in the history of election and democratic governance. Consequently, elections were
initiated where every citizen was empowered with the right to vote for responsible and
exemplary leadership in their country.2 In a nutshell, elections refer to the process where
people sporadically elect or choose their local and national leaders to manage public affairs
on their behalf. It also relates to the criteria where electors are given the choice or mandate to
appoint which persons are elected. This should happen in a democratic movement whereby,
there are established rules that allows participation and contestation.3
The Kind of Election Management Body in Uganda
After a cycle of five years, the Uganda Electoral Commission is mandated by the
constitution under Article 60 to conduct elections. This body was legally formed in
November 1997. It comprised the Chairperson, Deputy Chairperson, and other five
commissioners appointed for seven years.4 All the seven members of the commission are set
by the president and later approved by the parliament. The parliament has the right to either
reject or approv…

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